Pivotal Response Training Fact Sheet
Pivotal response training (PRT) is a naturalistic intervention based on the principles of applied behavior analysis (ABA) to teach learners with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). PRT builds on learner initiative and interests, and is particularly effective for developing communication, language, play, and social behaviors. PRT was developed to create a more efficient and effective intervention by enhancing pivotal learning variables: motivation, responding to multiple cues, self-management, and self-initiations of social interactions. According to theory, these skills are pivotal because they are the foundational skills upon which learners with ASD can make wide- spread and generalized improvements in many other areas. Key procedures include child choice, reinforcement of attempts, incorporation of maintenance tasks, and direct/natural reinforcers contingent on appropriate behavior.
PRT meets evidence-based criteria with 1 group design and 7 single case design studies.
According to the evidence-based studies, this intervention has been effective for toddlers (0-2 years) to middle school-age learners (12-14 years) with ASD.
PRT can be used effectively to address social, communication, joint attention, and play skills.
Wong, C. (2013). Pivotal response training (PRT) fact sheet. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina, Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, The National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Vismara, L. A., & Bogin, J. (2009). Overview of pivotal response training. Sacramento: University of California at Davis School of Medicine, M.I.N.D. Institute, The National Professional Development Center on Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Kyle Bringhurst, MSW
Address: 3048 East Baseline Road Suite 107
Mesa, AZ 85204